Yesterday we began looking at Psalm 110 as a Prediction of the Kingly Career of the Lord Jesus Christ. We noted that Psalm 110 is a Top Bible Prophecy due to it being quoted nearly twenty times in the New Testament. The New Testament authors, according to H.L Wilmington, refer to or quote Psalm 110 in the following passages:
Matthew 22:44, 26:64; Mark 12:36, 14:62, 16:19; Luke 20:42-43, 22:69; Acts 2:34-35; Romans 8:34; 1 Cor. 15:25; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3,13, 8:1, 10:12-13, 12:2. I would also include Revelation 1:5 and Revelation 19-20 as possible allusions to Psalm 110. Psalm 110 is required in order to connect the Old Testament predictions about the Messiah to the New Testament revelation that Jesus Christ is and will fulfill such predictions.
In yesterday's post we saw how Psalm 110:1 predicted what would occur when Jesus ascended into heaven to inaugurate His kingly reign. We also considered Psalm 110:2-4 as a prediction about Jesus current activity in His Session as our Prophet, Priest and King. Today we will conclude our study of Psalm 110, noting in Psalm 110:5-7 a prediction of what will be Jesus' second coming and Millennial reign.
1. Psalm 110:5 predicts the second coming of King Jesus
Psalm 110:5 states - "The Lord is at Your right hand; He will shatter kings in the day of His wrath." What is it that David was seeing? It would appear that God was showing by predictive prophecy the physical, bodily return of the incarnate Christ at the end of history. Jesus of course has always been God the Son. In the Old Testament He would had been with the Father in Heaven in a Pre-incarnate state or "before the human flesh" state. When He came the first time, He assumed a human nature and thus became "incarnated" or "in the flesh". When Christ ascended, He being fully God still retained a human, albeit glorified, resurrected human nature.
We as Christians look forward to Jesus' second coming to this planet, an event spoken of and predicted some 224 places in the Bible. Revelation 19:11-15 gives us the full description of Christ's second coming - "And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” That underlined phrase in Revelation 19:15 appear to be an allusion to the prophetic glimpse we get of Jesus' return in Psalm 110:5.
So with Jesus coming back to earth, what will He then do? Note how Psalm 110:6-7 predicts what is called the Millennial Reign of Christ.
2. Psalm 110:6-7 Predicts Christ's Millennial Reign
The Holy Spirit through David says in Psalm 110:6-7 - "He will judge among the nations, He will fill them with corpses, He will shatter the chief men over a broad country. 7 He will drink from the brook by the wayside;
Therefore He will lift up His head." From other Bible passages we understand that Jesus is reigning spiritually in Heaven right now, over and through His church. He has already inaugurated His reign over the Kings of the earth. (Revelation 1:5) Jesus is King over this planet by Right in Heaven.
According to what we see in the New Testament, Jesus will bring the Kingdom of Heaven back to this world and will initiate the earthly phase of His Kingly Reign, wherein His reign will become one of fact. Psalm 110:6-7 predicts this aspect, one which will be physical, earthly and last 1,000 years. Two passages in the New Testament are prime examples of the Divine commentary we see of Psalm 110:6-7.
First let the reader note 1 Corinthians 15:25-28: "For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. 26 The last enemy that will be abolished is death. 27 For He has put all things in subjection under His feet. But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him. 28 When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all."
Amazingly 1 Corinthians 15:25-28 matches quite well with the second passage of Revelation 20:6-11 6 Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years. 7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. "
The underlined phrases in both passages point back to statements in Psalm 110. 1 Corinthians 15:25-28 and Revelation 20 together unfold how long Christ will reign physcially once He returns to this earth. The physical aspect of His reign is necessary to fulfill the gradual and complete defeat of every enemy by Christ, including the Anti-Christ at His second coming, death and then Satan towards the end of His Millennial reign.
Psalm 110 has been deemed a Top Bible Prophecy due to the fact it predicted the Kingly career of the Lord Jesus Christ. It first predicted what would be His Ascension in Psalm 110:1. Next it predicted His current session or activity as our prophet, priest and King in Psalm 110:2-4. Thirdly it predicts Christ will return to execute judgment in Psalm 110:5. Then finally it predicts what will be Christ's Millennial or 1,000 year reign in Psalm 110:6-7.